The eMCO-SiPO Project focuses on safety-critical topics such as extended Minimum Crew Operations and Single-Pilot Operations, aiming to provide invaluable insights into five key research fields: safety risk assessment and monitoring, human factors and performance, air operations, fatigue risk management, and flight training. While the project is still in its early stages, the Consortium already structured the work around eight different tasks, each focusing on a specific aspect of the project. The first six tasks of the project investigate Extended Minimum Crew Operations, while the last two tasks focus on Single Pilot Operations. While in eMCO there is always a minimum of two pilots on-board of the aircraft, in SiPO there is only one pilot on board from end-to-end, for the whole flight. In eMCO, there would be one pilot at the controls only during the cruise phase, while the other(s) take turns to rest in that phase of flight.

The activities that the project will perform range from assessing the potential safety hazards during normal operations in cruise flight to evaluating the effects of in-flight rest during extended single-pilot operations, to studying the effects of in-flight rest and different types of in-flight rest facilities on pilots’ alertness and overall fatigue level, as well as the opportunities for physiological breaks during eMCO and SiPO. The tasks also involve a variety of research methods, such as consultations with Original Equipment Manufacturers, surveys, workshops, and simulator experiments, all useful to identify potential safety hazards and develop mitigation means for failure conditions.

In addition, the project analyses the Single Pilot Operations generic concept of operations, identifying the gaps and open issues to perform a preliminary risk identification. The results of these tasks are crucial for enhancing the safety and efficiency of Extended Minimum Crew Operations and Single Pilot Operations, as well as for informing future regulations and guidelines in the aviation industry.

This field in the eMCO-SiPO project focuses on evaluating and monitoring the safety risks associated with extended minimum crew operations and single pilot operations. Through systematic assessments and data monitoring, potential safety hazards are identified, and their impact on overall safety is analysed. The field involves collaborating with our Stakeholder Consultation Group, conducting workshops, and using flight simulator experiments to assess critical areas and provide recommendations for risk mitigation.

In this field, the eMCO-SiPO project examines the impact of Human Factors on these new aviation operations concepts. The project investigates how factors such as pilot workload, situational awareness, decision-making processes, and crew coordination can impact safety and human performance. By applying rigorous analysis methods and leveraging data from simulations and real-world simulated scenarios, the project aims to identify key human factors challenges and propose strategies to optimise human performance in extended minimum crew and single pilot operations.

The Air Operations field in the eMCO-SiPO project focuses on the operational aspects of extended minimum crew and single pilot operations both in nominal and non-nominal operations. It addresses topics such as flight procedures, communication protocols, and automation systems. By analysing current practices and conducting consultations with experts, the project aims to identify opportunities for operational enhancements and develop guidelines that promote safe and efficient air operations in these operational contexts.

Fatigue risk management is a critical consideration in extended minimum crew and single pilot operations. This field within the eMCO-SiPO project investigates the impact of fatigue on pilot performance, safety, and well-being. It examines factors such as duty time regulations, rest periods, sleep inertia, and the effects of in-flight rest. By conducting surveys, workshops, and simulator experiments, the project aims to develop strategies and recommendations for effective fatigue risk management practices tailored to these specific operational contexts.

Flight training plays a crucial role in preparing pilots for extended minimum crew and single pilot operations. This field of the eMCO-SiPO project focuses on assessing and enhancing training programs to ensure they align with the specific requirements and challenges of these operational contexts. The project investigates topics such as crew resource management, automation training, emergency procedures, and decision-making skills. By evaluating training effectiveness and identifying areas for improvement, the project aims to contribute to the development of comprehensive and effective training curricula.